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What is an Abstract ?


An abstract is a brief SUMMARY of a scientific paper. It gives information about the authors, the hypotheses tested, a brief description of the methods used and the conclusions obtained.


An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper’s purpose. An abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper.


How to write an effective abstract


  1. Clarify your objective of the paper: what you are going to tell
  2. Identify the themes of the conference and formulate your paper accordingly
  3. Understand the submission procedure and the abstract format.


For example:

Title, Name of presenter, Contact details, Category of presentation paper, poster etc and the Keywords

Stick closely to the length given. ( Ex. 350 word max.)


Ask yourself the following questions: ( When writing an abstract)

  • What is the purpose of my paper?
  • What approach am I using?
  • What are my findings?
  • Why are my findings so important ?


How to identify a Good Abstract

  • Uses one or more well developed paragraphs: these are unified, coherent, concise, and able to stand alone.
  • Uses an introduction/body/conclusion structure which presents the article, paper, or report’s purpose, results, conclusions, and recommendations in that order.
  • Follows strictly the chronology of the article, paper, or report.
  • Provides logical connections (or transitions) between the information included.
  • Adds no new information, but simply summarizes the report.
  • Understandable to a wide audience.


Source :




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